Archives > September 2016

Fall Cleanup

Fall cleanup is upon us. There is basically 3 approaches to tackling this task:

1. ‘Scorched Earth’

Everything is taken down – all annuals are removed and all perennials are cut down.


  • Most of the gardening work is done at one time
  • Everything is taken care of for spring – this drastically reduces spring cleanup


  • There is nothing available, aside from trees and shrubs, to catch the snow
  • Perennials are more vulnerable to winter kill if the snow gets blown off
  • There is little winter interest in the garden
  • Less snow translates to less spring moisture

2.   Leave it all Lie Right Where it is

All annuals and perennials are left where they stand as winter comes & goes


  • Greatly increased opportunity for snow to be caught & kept in flowerbed
  • Increased chances of perennial survival through the winter
  • Increased flowerbed moisture due to more snow cover
  • Very little fall work


  • Lots of spring work
  • Potential for molds to grow from decomposing flower stems in the fall and early spring
  • Messy, slimy decomposing flower stems to deal with


3. Somewhere in the middle

Selectively leaving perennials of great winter interest (grasses, tall sedums, hollyhocks, etc)


  • Evens out fall and spring cleanup workloads
  • Have pretty winter interest
  • Increased opportunity for snow to be caught & kept in flowerbed
  • Increased chances of perennial survival with increased snow cover
  • Increased flowerbed moisture with increased snow cover


  • Not sure there is one

Enjoy our sunny autumn days!


Fall Garden Maintenance: Raspberry Pruning

rapberrry-pruning-1As the growing season winds down, that prickly patch of raspberries is screaming for attention. To be able to prune raspberries correctly, understanding their life cycle makes the task so much more bearable. Here are a few tips on raspberry pruning.

Fruit Bearing

Raspberry Life Cycle:

  • Raspberry canes are biennials and their roots are perennial.
  • They produce 2 types of canes:
  1. Primocanes – a new raspberry cane, bright green in color, usually don’t produce, or if they do, it is in late summer or early fall.
  2. Floricanes – this cane is brown in color, has wintered over, and will produce flowers and fruit.

–       There is no real ‘everbearing’ raspberry.   Raspberries are called ‘everbearing’ when they produce berries from summer and continue into fall. This is accomplished by the floricanes bearing in the summer and the primocanes bearing in the late summer and early fall.

–       There is likely no significant fruiting the first year of a new raspberry patch; fruit production will increase in year 2, and the patch should be in full production by year 3.


–       Raspberries are tough & will produce even if neglected but pruning increases your success – it is best to prune annually for the best production.

–       Pruning can happen in spring or in the fall – leaving old canes can provide winter protection by way of holding snow.

–       Both options are listed below.

Spring Pruning

In early spring before new canes have sprouted

  • Remove small or weak canes
  • Remove browned tips
  • Shorten the now floricanes to 1.5m (4 feet) for easier picking
  • Make room for the new canes (primocanes) – allow each cane 6 inches by 6 inches on the soil level so they can grow to full height (will likely not produce fruit)

Fall Pruning

–       After harvest remove floricanes (the ones that have produced berries) right to the ground

–       Keep this year’s primocanes – they look green

–       Allow each cane 6 inches by 6 inches on the soil level

–       When the patch is big, some years you may have to cut back 1st year canes to thin out the patch & allow air circulation & decrease its chances of getting mold
Sources: – “how to grow Raspberries” by Darlene White, “Raising Raspberries” by Stephen Westcott-Gratton, “Raspberries in Alberta”, rodale’ “Grow your own Raspberries”, “Bulletin #2066, “Growing Raspberries and Blackberries”